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Chicago Citations

The following examples (taken with permission from The Chicago Manual of Style Online) demonstrate how to cite common sources according to the Chicago style (Notes and Bibliography format).  For full details, consult The Chicago Manual of Style (16th Edition).

Disciplines

The Chicago-style is used in history and the humanities.

Sample Research Paper

A sample Chicago-style research paper is available on Diana Hacker's Research & Documentation Online website.

Formatted Chicago Citations

The Union Institute & University Library provides access to three tools that format Chicago citations: Google Scholar and Zotero.  Visit our Citation Tools page for information and instructions.

In-Text Citations

Template: Sentence.17

Example: According to Thomas, the “second half of the nineteenth century witnessed a rapid expansion in the industry.”17

 

Footnote & Bibliography Citations

Articles

Note Example: 17. Gueorgi Kossinets and Duncan J. Watts, "Origins of Homophily in an Evolving Social Network," American Journal of Sociology 115 (2009): 411, 2010, doi:10.1086/599247.

(include the DOI or digital object identifier if it is available)

Bibliography Example: Kossinets, Gueorgi, and Duncan J. Watts. "Origins of Homophily in an Evolving Social Network." American Journal of Sociology 115 (2009): 405–50, doi:10.1086/599247.

E-Book

Note Example: 17. Jane Austen, Pride and Prejudice (Westminster, MD: Modern Library, 2010), ebrary edition.

Bibliography Example: Austen, Jane.  Pride and Prejudice.  Westminster, MD: Modern Library, 2010.  Ebrary edition.

Book (in print, 1 author)

Note Example: 17. Michael Pollan, The Omnivore’s Dilemma: A Natural History of Four Meals (New York: Penguin, 2006), 99–100.

Bibliography Example: Pollan, Michael. The Omnivore’s Dilemma: A Natural History of Four Meals. New York: Penguin, 2006.
Book (in print, 2-3 authors)

Note Example: 17. Geoffrey C. Ward and Ken Burns, The War: An Intimate History, 1941–1945 (New York: Knopf, 2007), 52.

Bibliography Example: Ward, Geoffrey C., and Ken Burns. The War: An Intimate History, 1941–1945. New York: Knopf, 2007.
Book (in print, 4+ authors)

Note Example: 17. Dana Barnes et al., Plastics: Essays on American Corporate Ascendance in the 1960s (London: Routledge, 1982), 19.

Bibliography Example: Barnes, Dana, Moe Howard, Curly Howard, and Larry Fine, Plastics: Essays on American Corporate Ascendance in the 1960s.  London: Routledge, 1982.

Book Chapter

Note Example: 17. John D. Kelly, "Seeing Red: Mao Fetishism, Pax Americana, and the Moral Economy of War," in Anthropology and Global Counterinsurgency, ed. John D. Kelly et al. (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2010), 77.

Bibliography Example: Kelly, John D. "Seeing Red: Mao Fetishism, Pax Americana, and the Moral Economy of War." In Anthropology and Global Counterinsurgency, edited by John D. Kelly, Beatrice Jauregui, Sean T. Mitchell, and Jeremy Walton, 67–83. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2010.

Dissertation

Note Example: 17. Mihwa Choi, "Contesting Imaginaires in Death Rituals during the Northern Song Dynasty" (PhD diss., University of Chicago, 2008).

Bibliography Example: Choi, Mihwa. "Contesting Imaginaires in Death Rituals during the Northern Song Dynasty." PhD diss., University of Chicago, 2008. ProQuest (AAT 3300426).

Webpage

Note Example: 17 "Google Privacy Policy," last modified July 27, 2012, http://www.google.com/intl/en/policies/privacy/.

Bibliography Example: Google. "Google Privacy Policy." Last modified July 27, 2012. http://www.google.com/intl/en/policies/privacy/.

(include the date accessed or last modified for the publication date)

Additional Examples